Features new to Windows XP – Wikipedia.How to Enable Quality of Service on Your Router

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The software supports Windows 7, 8, 8. Some of the settings may be specific to newer revisions of Windows, and not present in earlier versions. Introduction 2. Using the program 3. General Settings 3. Segment Coalescing RSC 3. Advanced Settings 4. Menus 8. Apply Changes Screen 9. Additional Resources.

The TCP Optimizer нажмите сюда a program designed to provide an easy, intuitive interface for tuning broadband-related TCP and IP related parameters under all current and some past Windows versions.

Some of the settings under all those Operating Systems are quite different, and the program will show only supported options for the detected Operating System it is running on.

Below, we will cover all the settings available in the TCP Optimizer. Some of the settings may only be available under Windows 8 and newer operating systems. If you do not feel like reading the entire documentation below, or you simply need the tweaks NOW, just follow these short instructions:.

Choose your Network Adapter that connects you to the Internet or tick “Modify all network adapters” Pick “Optimal settings” from the radio-buttons near the bottom of the program Windows 10 home qos settings free on the “Apply changes” button, choose to create backup and logand reboot when prompted.

The TCP Optimizer can do all the rest of the work for you and optimize your internet connection. A preview of all relevant changes is available before they are actually applied. The program can be used to easily apply custom values, and test with different settings, if you’d prefer. To do so, you may have to read the rest of the documentation and our tweaking articles to understand what the different settings mean, and what their exact effect is.

Please read the following chapters windows 10 home qos settings free information on all the specific parameters in the program. Note: You should be logged in with your main account some settings are account-specificand run the program with administrative privileges so that it has sufficient permissions to make all the necessary changes.

This slider is intended for choosing your maximum possible internet connection speed, as advertised by your Internet Service Provider ISP. You should not use your current speed, or any speed test results here, rather what the maximum theoretical speed of your connection is. Note that speed is expressed in Mbps, denoting Mega bits per second not to be confused with Megabytes.

Changing the value in the connection speed slider will have some effect on the optimal TCP Window value. Under older Windows variants, it directly calculates the RWIN value optimal for the connection speed.

Windows 10 home qos settings free newer Windows OSes, it may change the auto-tuning algorithm restricted for speeds under 1Mbps, normal for most broadband connections, experimental for speeds over windows 10 home qos settings free Gbps, to be used with caution currently. Note that the “experimental” TCP Window auto-tuning setting should be used with caution, as it may cause some stability issues.

Reportedly it may cause issues with Outlook connecting to mail servers, accessing local network shares, and Crashplan backups in some Windows versions. If a specific network adapter is selected using the pull-down menu, its IP address will be displayed in the lower-right portion of this section.

You can also choose to modify all network adapters at the same time, or none of their individual setting. This section allows you to set a custom MTU value. It is only necessary to edit windows 10 home qos settings free MTU value in such special cases.

Note: In some rare cases, it is possible that your desired network device is not correctly identified by the Optimizer. That does not affect the program performance much, and you should simply choose “Modify All Network Adapters” in such cases. We’d also appreciate your feedback with such devices, so that we can improve the program. A small TCP Receive Window can limit high-speed, high-latency transfers, such as most broadband internet connections.

We recommend setting this to “normal” for most connections, and, make sure that you disable “Windows Scaling heuristics” below so that Windows does not automatically modify this parameter. If your connection speed is less than 1 Megabit per second, you can set it to “highlyrestricted”. If you are on dial-up connection, you can try setting this windows 10 home qos settings free “disabled” as your speed will not need buffers larger than 64KB.

This should be tested further, however, as it may cause some stability issues. If you experience any issues with the “experimental” setting please dial it back to “normal” and share your experience on the forums or via email. If this is left enabled, Windows can restrict the TCP Receive Window at any point in time it decides that the network conditions justify it.

It is highly recommended windows 10 home qos settings free educational games free for pc this parameter to “disabled”, so that user-set Http:// auto tuning settings are retained over time. With broadband connections, these algorithms do not increase the TCP Window fast enough to fully utilize the available bandwidth. CTCP windows 10 home qos settings free to maximize throughput by monitoring delay variations and packet loss.

It can improve throughput on higher latency ableton live 10 standard to suite free broadband internet connections.

CTCP uses estimates of queue delay as a measure of congestion, and allocates buffers accordingly. Note that this setting may only work on Server Operating System variants. New Reno treats retransmission timeouts RTO and duplicate ACKs as packet loss just like the older Reno, Tahoe algorithms, however it performs a fast retransmit and skips the slow start and enters “fast recovery”.

It is actual congestion-based, rather than delay-based algorithm. The algorithm has some issues with out-of-order packets by more than 3 packet sequence numbers. The algorithm does not rely on the receipt of ACKs to increase the TCP window size, it is only dependent on the last congestion event.

With traditional algorithms, connection flows with very low latency have advantage as they receive ACKs much faster, and windows 10 home qos settings free buffers congestion window grow faster. It should in theory provide a more stable connection when the network is fully utilized, at the expense of a bit larger buffers.

RSS enables parallelized processing of received packets on multiple processors, while avoiding packet reordering. It separates packets into “flows” and uses different processors for processing each flow. This should be enabled if you have two or more physical processor cores, and only has an effect if the Network Adapter, as well as the NIC driver can handle RSS. If the NIC driver has a “Queue Size” setting, it should be set to a number less than, or equal to 4, and no greater than the number of available physical processor cores.

The objective of DCA is to reduce memory latency and the memory bandwidth requirement in high bandwidth Gigabit environments. The TTL determines the maximum amount of time in seconds and the number of hops that an IP packet may live in the network without reaching нажмите чтобы перейти destination.

It is effectively a limit on the number of routers that an IP packet is allowed to pass through before being discarded. It does not directly affect speed, however a value that’s too small страница cause packets to be unable to reach distant servers at all.

A very large value, on the other hand might take too long to recognize lost packets. It is aimed to decrease retransmissions. In essence, ECN assumes that the cause of any packet loss is router congestion. It allows routers experiencing congestion to mark packets and allow clients to automatically lower their transfer rate to prevent further packet loss. The receiver echoes the congestion indication to the sender, which must react as though a packet drop were detected.

Recommended: disabled in general. Enabling ECN can reduce latency in some games with ECN-capable routers, and windows 10 home qos settings free throughput in the presence of packet loss. ECN is also recommended if using CoDel algorithm to combat latency by dropping slowest packets on congested links. Setting allows the network adapter to compute the checksum when transmitting packets and verify the checksum when receiving packets to free up CPU, reduce PCI traffic.

This helps improve the processing of network data on your computer without the need for additional programs or any loss to manageability or security. Programs garageband for windows pc are currently bound by network processing overhead will generally windows 10 home qos settings free better when used with TCP Chimney Offload.

Enabling this setting had some negative effects in windows 10 home qos settings free past because of buggy network adapter drivers, however its implementation windows 10 home qos settings free gotten much better with time. It is useful for CPU-bound client computers and very fast broadband connections, not recommended in server environments. Recommended: disabled because of buggy implementations and issues with it, also now considered deprecated by Microsoft windows 10 home qos settings free.

When windows 10 home qos settings free, the network adapter hardware is used to complete data segmentation, theoretically faster than operating system software. Theoretically, this feature may improve transmission performance, and reduce CPU load.

The problem with this setting is buggy implementation on many levels, including Network Adapter Drivers. Intel and Broadcom drivers are known to have this enabled by default, and may have many issues with it. Timestamps are a RFC option that is intended to increase transmission reliability by retransmitting segments that are not acknowledged within some retransmission timeout RTO interval.

The problem with timestamps is that they add 12 bytes to the byte TCP windows 10 home qos settings free of each packet, so turning them on causes considerable overhead. In essence, it provides the ability to more efficiently move network data by minimizing CPU usage. By default, the HTTP 1. Similarly, HTTP 1. Traditionally, Internet Explorer used the RFC recommendations, however, since IE8, Firefox 3, and Chrome 4, most major browsers have departed from the recommendations in windows 10 home qos settings free of faster web page loading speed by increasing the number приведенная ссылка parallel connections to web servers for both HTTP 1.

We recommend pushing this further to concurrent connections per web server, because of the complexity of web pages and the number of elements justify opening multiple connections, especially with broadband internet connections. Note that increasing the number of connections past 10 is not recommended, as some web servers limit the number of concurrent connections per IP, and may throttle or drop excessive connections, causing incomplete pages and worse user experience, among other issues.

It is important to note that this increases the priority of all four related processes compared to the hundreds of other running processes, посетить страницу keeping their order.

It is important to note windows 10 home qos settings free the “optimal” values we recommend are chosen in such a way as not to conflict with the priorities of other processes, so, while other numbers may work, you should be careful if departing from those values. Refer to our Host Resolution Priority Tweak нажмите сюда for more details. Retransmit timeout RTO determines how many milliseconds of unacknowledged data it takes before the connection is aborted.

It can help reduce delays in retransmitting data. Decreasing this number too aggressively on connections with higher latency satellite, remote locations can increase premature retransmissions. The RTO limit should not be triggered on a regular basis. NetFailureCacheTime: determines for how long the DNS client stops sending queries when it suspects that the network is down. During that time, the DNS client returns a timeout response to all queries.


Windows 10 home qos settings free.Having Slow Internet on Windows 10? Here’s What to Do

In some instances, it’s the only way to tap into some of the hidden management settings in these Microsoft cloud products. Continue Reading. Boost Windows Server performance with these 10 tips. A small investment in time to execute these Windows Server performance tuning tips and techniques can optimize server workloads for more satisfactory. Nov 25,  · Version 4 of the TCP Optimizer supports all Windows variants from XP/NT// through Windows Vista/7/ Server, to the newer Windows 8, Server, as well as Windows Some of the settings under all those Operating Systems are quite different, and the program will show only supported options for the detected Operating System . Aug 10,  · QoS Policy. QoS Policy settings under Windows 7/8 can be edited using the Group Policy Editor ( Computer Configuration -> Windows Settings -> Policy-based QoS. In order to define DiffServ (DSCP) values, according to Microsoft the machine needs to have joined a domain, and interfaces have to see the domain controller. May 21,  · Rundown of fixes for Windows 10 search not working errors. To recap, if the Windows 10 search is no longer working properly or delivers inaccurate search results, you can try to fix this problem by running the Search and Indexing troubleshooter, downloading the newest Windows updates, and restarting the Windows Search service.


Windows 10 home qos settings free.Features new to Windows XP


Windows 10 generally works well by default for many broadband connections, yet there is always some room for improvement and we will try to cover all relevant settings and their effect on your connection in detail below. To run some of the outlined commands, you will need to use an administrator account. The settings outlined bellow work with Windows 8, 8. The Windows PowerShell is a tool developed by Microsoft designed to replace and extend the functionality of читать command prompt.

It allows you to run all DOS commands similarly to command prompthowever, it also provides additional functionality in the form of many customizable commands called cmdlets. It can also be accessed from the Windows System folder. You should right-click on PowerShell and choose “Run as administrator” so that you have sufficient permissions to tweak all applicable settings. Theoretically, only one of the above templates can be modified by default – “Custom” under Windows 8, “InternetCustom” under Windows 8.

The “DatacenterCustom” template can only be modified if Windows is installed on a server. If you try to modify one of the other templates, you will get an error, something like:. Windows 10 home qos settings free though theoretically only the “Custom” templates can be modified, many of the commands below both netsh and PowerShell TCP cmdlets are global and modify all templates simultaneously. To find the currently used template type either:.

Notes: PowerShell cmdlets are not case-sensitive. CongestionProvider — view only “CongestionProvider” setting in currently used template. We recommend using the PowerShell for changes. While most settings can still be changed using the “netsh” tool, others require the Windows PowerShell interface and cmdlets. We recommend using the Windows PowerShell for all windows 10 home qos settings free. Http:// parameters are loosely sorted in order of importance with the parameters that generally have more significant impact listed first.

It can limit throughput, especially in high-speed, high-latency environments, such as most internet connections. For more information on how it limits your speed, check our TCP Window article. Limits it to 64KB limited at Note: You can also try “highlyrestricted” autotuninglevel for up to 10Mbps connections, as it actually uses a higher unscaled RWIN value vs.

Windows 8 as with Windows 7 has the ability to automatically change its own TCP Window auto-tuning behavior to a more conservative state regardless of any user settings.

When heuristics restricts your autotuning level, you may see this message when viewing netsh settings:. When heuristics restricts autotuning level, the “netsh int tcp show global” command will still incorrectly windows 10 home qos settings free your user-set autotuning level, you have to use “netsh int tcp show heuristics” to see the actual current heuristics restriction.

It is best to disable this before applying autotuning level to ensure your user-set autotuning level is retained. When that happens, viewing your settings with “netsh int tcp show global” will still incorrectly show user-set autotuninglevel, only “netsh int tcp show heuristics” reveals the restriction. The traditional slow-start and congestion avoidance algorithms in TCP help avoid network congestion by gradually increasing the TCP window at the beginning of transfers until the TCP Receive Window boundary is reached, windows 10 home qos settings free packet loss occurs.

For broadband internet connections that combine high TCP Window with higher latency high BDPthese algorithms do not increase the TCP windows fast enough to fully utilize the bandwidth of the connection. CTCP attempts to maximize throughput by monitoring delay variations and packet loss. It also ensures that its behavior does not impact адрес страницы TCP connections negatively. Using CTCP can significantly increase throughput and packet loss recovery.

Uses a cubic TCP congestion window growth function. The algorithm uses the amount of time since the last congestion event instead of ACK timing to advance the TCP congestion window. It is designed for high-speed TCP transfers. Theoretically it performs as well as CTCP. There is an issue with more than 3 reordered packets where New Reno читать fast recovery. Older congestion control algorithm, not recommended.

Unfortunately, the PowerShell cmdlet allows for changing this only in some Windows builds, and the netsh is deprecated and may be bugged in some Windows 10 builds, so it could be challenging to change the congestion provider. Yay for Microsoft! Above command windows 10 home qos settings free may be read-only in some Windows versions, use the alternate netsh command instead. Notes: Supposedly the netsh congestionprovider setting is deprecated, and one should use the PowerShell cmdlets when possible.

Changing CTCP directly with netsh is not possible by default under Windows 8, the commands are still listed below for reference, and other OSes:. Save file with. Import the registry file into the Windows Registry double-clicking on it should do it, after a warning. Reboot Alternatively, get [this file] right-click, “save target as”, save with. You can also just windows 10 home qos settings free all the text to the appropriate registry hive directly. Merging the above with the registry and rebooting will windows server 2016 key datacenter free CTCP as the addon congestion control algorithm.

Still, as per Microsoft, netsh is deprecated and you should be using Powershell. Note that the above registry hack will change not only CTCP, but other related parameters as well, here is some additional info:. TCP chimney offload enables Windows to offload all TCP processing for a connection to a network adapter with proper driver support. Offloads are initiated on a per-connection basis and reduce networking-related CPU overhead, theoretically enabling better overall system performance by freeing up CPU time for other tasks.

It is a global setting that has to be enabled for many of the other offloads to work. Enabling windows 10 home qos settings free setting had windows 10 home qos settings free negative effects in the past because of buggy network adapter drivers, however its implementation has gotten much better with time.

It is useful for CPU-bound client computers and very fast broadband connections, not recommended in some server environments. Possible states of this setting are as follows: automatic – offloads if the connection is 10 GbE, has a RTT default – this setting restores chimney offload to the system default. One should be more careful using windows 10 home qos settings free server environments, as there have been some reports of issues with TCP Chimney Offload and SQL servers under heavy load, affecting both application concurrency and throughput.

Setting Chimney Offload to disabled is recommended for VMWare servers, and the setting is now considered deprecated by Microsoft. In essence, it provides the ability to more efficiently move network data by minimizing CPU usage. Default: disabled Recommended: leave alone, don’t bother setting supported in Windows 8 and later, according to MS.

The objective of DCA is to reduce memory latency and the memory bandwidth windows 10 home qos settings free in high bandwidth Gigabit environments. По этому адресу present in Windows 10 Creators’ update.

For more information on customizing the command, refer to this Technet article. To pick a single adapter and only modify its checksum offload state, find installed adapters using this cmdlet: Get-NetAdapter.

The receive-side scaling setting enables parallelized processing of received packets on multiple processors, while avoiding packet reordering. It avoids packet reordering by separating packets into “flows”, and using a single processor for processing windows 10 home qos settings free the packets for a given flow.

Packets are separated into flows by computing a hash value based on specific fields in each packet, and the resulting hash values are used to select a processor for processing the flow. This approach ensures that all packets belonging to a given TCP connection will be queued to the same processor, in the same order that they were received by the network adapter. Notes: Needs Checksum Offload to be enabled.

Only supported by some network adapters. Receive Segment Coalescing RCS is able to collect packets that are received during the same interrupt cycle and put them together windows 10 home qos settings free windows 10 iso mounter free download they can be more efficiently delivered to the network stack. This can significantly increase the amount of traffic that can be handled without severely impacting the CPU.

Possible states: enabled, disabled, default Default state: enabled in Windows 10, disabled in some older versions. Recommended: disabled for lower latency and gaming, or when using Wi-Fi adapters. Enable for slightly higher throughput when lower CPU utilization is important.

Also see our gaming tweaks article. This setting defines the grouping of network packets in general, to limit the number of receive interrupt and reduce the amount of required processing. This should be left enabled for pure throughput and efficiency, disabled for gaming and where lower latency is desired at windows 10 home qos settings free expense of a bit higher CPU utilization, and a bit more multicast traffic. Possible states: enabled, disabled, default Default state under Windows enabled Recommended: disabled for gaming and slightly lower latency at the expense of higher CPU usage and more multicast traffic, and when using Wi-Fi adaptersenabled for pure throughput when lower CPU utilization is important To check in Powershell: Windows 10 home qos settings free.

This setting enables Large Send Offload. When enabled, the network adapter hardware is used to complete data segmentation, theoretically faster than operating system software.

Theoretically, this feature may improve transmission performance, and reduce CPU load. The problem with this setting is buggy implementation on many levels, including Network Adapter Drivers. Intel and Broadcom drivers are known to have this enabled by default, and may have many issues with it. It should only be enabled with the newest Gigabit NICs with recent drivers. Because of the windows 10 home qos settings free mentioned above, we recommend disabling LSO at both the Network Adapter properties, and at the OS level with the setting below.

Be careful with this setting, test before using in production. Notes: Default state is network adapter dependent. Needs Checksum Offload to be enabled to work. LSO is another buffer that may impact latency, it is not recommended for interactive connections and gaming. It is aimed to decrease retransmissions. In essence, ECN assumes that the cause of any packet loss is router congestion.

It allows routers experiencing congestion to mark packets and allow clients to automatically lower their transfer rate to prevent further packet loss. The receiver echoes the congestion indication to the sender, which must react as though a packet drop were detected. Possible settings are: enabled, disabled, default restores the state to the system default. Default state: disabled. May be worth trying “enabled” for gaming with unstable connections.

Its effect on bulk throughput with large TCP Window are less clear. Currently, we do not recommend enabling windows 10 home qos settings free setting, as reportedly it has negative windows 10 home qos settings free on throughput with some residential US ISPs.


Windows 10 home qos settings free.Windows 10, Server 2019 TCP/IP Tweaks


As the next version of Windows NT after Windows , as well as the successor to Windows Me , Windows XP introduced many new features but it also removed some others. Use of these features is apparent in Windows XP’s user interface transparent desktop icon labels, drop shadows for icon labels on the desktop, shadows under menus, translucent blue selection rectangle in Windows Explorer , sliding task panes and taskbar buttons , and several of its applications such as Microsoft Paint , Windows Picture and Fax Viewer , Photo Printing Wizard , My Pictures Slideshow screensaver, and their presence in the basic graphics layer greatly simplifies implementations of vector-graphics systems such as Flash or SVG.

The total number of GDI handles per session is also raised in Windows XP from 16, to 65, configurable through the registry. Windows XP shipped with DirectX 8. Direct3D introduced programmability in the form of vertex and pixel shaders , enabling developers to write code without worrying about superfluous hardware state, and fog , bump mapping and texture mapping.

Windows XP can be upgraded to DirectX 9. Windows XP includes ClearType subpixel rendering , which makes onscreen fonts smoother and more readable on liquid crystal display LCD screens.

There are other parameters such as contrast that can be set via a ClearType Tuner powertoy that Microsoft makes available as a free download from its Typography website.

To help the user access a wider range of common destinations more easily from a single location, the Start menu was expanded to two columns; the left column focuses on the user’s installed applications, while the right column provides access to the user’s documents, and system links which were previously located on the desktop.

Links to the My Documents, My Pictures and other special folders are brought to the fore. The My Computer and My Network Places Network Neighborhood in Windows 95 and 98 icons were also moved off the Desktop and into the Start menu, making it easier to access these icons while a number of applications are open and so that the desktop remains clean.

Moreover, these links can be configured to expand as a cascading menu. Frequently used programs are automatically displayed in the left column, newly installed programs are highlighted, and the user may opt to “pin” programs to the start menu so that they are always accessible without having to navigate through the Programs folders. The default internet browser and default email program are pinned to the Start menu. The Start menu is fully customizable, links can be added or removed; the number of frequently used programs to display can be set.

The All Programs menu expands like the classic Start menu to utilize the entire screen but can be set to scroll programs. The user’s name and user’s account picture are also shown on the Start menu. The taskbar buttons for running applications and Quick Launch have also been updated for Fitt’s law. Locking the taskbar not only prevents it from being accidentally resized or moved but elements such as Quick launch and other DeskBands are also locked from being accidentally moved.

The Taskbar grouping feature combines multiple buttons of the same application into a single button, which when clicked, pops up a menu listing all the grouped windows and their number.

Advanced taskbar grouping options can be configured from the registry. A button allows the user to reveal all the icons. The Taskbar, if set to a thicker height also displays the day and date in the notification area.

There are significant changes made to Windows Explorer in Windows XP, both visually and functionally. Microsoft focused especially on making Windows Explorer more discoverable and task-based, as well as adding a number of features to reflect the growing use of a computer as a “digital hub”.

The task pane is displayed on the left side of the window instead of the traditional folder tree view when the navigation pane is turned off. It presents the user with a list of common actions and destinations that are relevant to the current directory or file s selected.

For instance, when in a directory containing mostly pictures, a set of “Picture tasks” is shown, offering the options to display these pictures as a slide show, to print them, or to go online to order prints. Conversely, a folder containing music files would offer options to play those files in a media player, or to go online to purchase music. Every folder also has “File and Folder Tasks”, offering options to create new folders, share a folder on the local network, publish files or folders to a web site using the Web Publishing Wizard , and other common tasks like copying, renaming, moving, and deleting files or folders.

File types that have identified themselves as being printable also have an option listed to print the file. Underneath “File and Folder Tasks” is “Other Places”, which always lists the parent folder of the folder being viewed and includes additional links to other common locations such as “My Computer”, “Control Panel”, and “My Documents” or previously navigated locations.

These change depending on what folder the user was in. Underneath “Other Places” is a “Details” area which gives additional information when a file or folder is selected — typically the file type, file size and date modified, but depending on the file type, author, image dimensions, attributes, or other details.

If the file type has a Thumbnail image handler installed, its preview also appears in the “Details” task pane. For music files, it might show the artist, album title, and the length of the song. The same information is also shown horizontally on the status bar. The “Folders” button on the Windows Explorer toolbar toggles between the traditional navigation pane containing the tree view of folders, and the task pane.

Users can also close the navigation pane by clicking the Close button in its right corner as well as turn off the task pane from Folder Options.

The navigation pane has been enhanced in Windows XP to support “simple folder view” which when turned on hides the dotted lines that connect folders and subfolders and makes folders browsable with single click while still keeping double clicking on in the right pane. Single clicking in simple folder view auto expands the folder and clicking another folder automatically expands that folder and collapses the previous one.

Windows XP introduced a large number of metadata properties [7] which are shown as columns in the “Details” view of Explorer, in the new Tiles view in Explorer, on the Summary tab in a file’s properties, in a file’s tooltip and on the Explorer status bar when a single file is selected. Users also gain the ability to sort by any property which is turned on in “Details” view. Developers can write column handler shell extensions to further define their own properties by which files can be sorted.

The column by which items are sorted is highlighted. Sorting files and folders can be in Ascending order or Descending order in all views, not just Details view. To reverse the order, the user simply can perform the sort by the same property again. The sort order has also been made more intuitive compared to the one in Windows For file names containing numbers Windows Explorer now tries to sort based on numerical value rather than just comparing each number digit by digit for every character position in the file name.

The right pane of Windows Explorer has a “Show in Groups” feature which allows Explorer to separate its contents by headings based on any field which is used to sort the items. Items can thus be grouped by any detail which is turned on. Microsoft introduced animated “Search Companions” in an attempt to make searching more engaging and friendly; the default character is a puppy named Rover, with three other characters Merlin the magician, Earl the surfer, and Courtney also available.

These search companions powered by Microsoft Agent technology, bear a great deal of similarity to Microsoft Office ‘s Office Assistants , even incorporating “tricks” and sound effects. If the user wishes, they can also turn off the animated character entirely. The search capability itself is fairly similar to Windows Me and Windows , with some important additions. Search can also be instructed to search only files that are categorically “Documents” or “Pictures, music and video” searching by perceived type ; this feature is noteworthy largely because of how Windows determines what types of files can be classified under these categories.

Using Tweak UI , the search user interface can be restored to the one used by Windows Windows XP improves image preview by offering a Filmstrip view which shows images in a single horizontal row and a large preview of the currently selected image above it. Filmstrip view like any other view can be turned on per folder. This view will be available if the new “Common Tasks” folder view is selected, not with “Windows Classic” folder view.

Aside from the Filmstrip view mode, there is a ‘Thumbnails’ view, which displays thumbnail -sized images in the folder and also displays images a subfolder may be containing 4 by default overlaid on a large folder icon.

A folder’s thumbnail view can be customized from the Customize tab accessible from its Properties, where users can also change the folder’s icon and specify a template type pictures, music, videos, documents for that folder and optionally all its subfolders. The size and quality of thumbnails in “Thumbnails” view can be adjusted using Tweak UI or the registry. Windows XP optionally caches the thumbnails in a ” Thumbs.

Thumbnails can be forced to regenerate by right-clicking the image in Thumbnail or Filmstrip views and selecting “Refresh thumbnail”.

AutoPlay examines newly discovered removable media and devices and, based on content such as pictures, music or video files, launches an appropriate application to play or display the content. AutoPlay can be enhanced by AutoPlay-compatible software and hardware. It can be configured by the user to associate favourite applications with AutoPlay events and actions. These actions are called AutoPlay Handlers and there are sets of Handlers associated with various types of content.

New AutoPlay handlers can get added to the system when additional software is installed. AutoPlay settings can be configured per-device in Windows XP from the device’s properties. When a user inserts an optical disc into a drive or attaches a USB camera, Windows detects the arrival and starts a process of examining the device or searching the medium.

It is looking for properties of the device or content on the medium so that AutoPlay can present a set of meaningful options to the user. When the user makes a particular choice, they also have the option to make that selection automatic the next time Windows sees that content or device. It supersedes part of the functions of Imaging for Windows in previous versions of Windows. The Windows Picture and Fax Viewer is integrated with Windows Explorer for functions like slideshow, email, printing etc.

It supports full file management from within the viewer itself, that is, right clicking the image shows the same context menu as the one shown when an image is right clicked in Windows Explorer. Images can be set as the desktop wallpaper from the context menu. It supports successive viewing of all images in current folder and looping through images, [17] that is, after viewing the last image in a directory, it again shows the first image and vice versa.

By default, images smaller than the user’s display resolution are shown at their actual size. If an image is larger than the display resolution, it is scaled to fit the screen Best Fit.

When this is done, scroll bars allow for viewing of all areas of the image. The wizard shows a preview of what the printed page will look like with the currently specified options. Using Tweak UI , the time between images during a slideshow can be adjusted. GIF files are shown with full animation, even when zoomed. Areas of the image can be selected and concealed. Windows Picture and Fax Viewer saves and remembers its window position and size and supports keyboard shortcuts for all of its operations.

Raw image formats , which are the preferred formats in professional photography are not supported, however, Microsoft released a later update called RAW Image Thumbnailer and Viewer for Windows XP for viewing certain raw image files.

The Text Services Framework is designed to offer advanced language and word processing features to applications. It supports features such as multilingual support, keyboard drivers, handwriting recognition , speech recognition , as well as spell checking and other text and natural language processing functions.

It is also downloadable for older Windows operating systems. The language bar enables text services to add UI elements to the toolbar and enables these elements when an application has focus. From the Language Bar, users can select the input language, and control keyboard input, handwriting recognition and speech recognition. The language bar also provides a direct means to switch between installed languages, even when a non-TSF-enabled application has focus.

Although an upgrade of the Windows kernel, there are major scalability, stability and performance improvements, albeit transparent to the end user. Windows XP includes simultaneous multithreading hyperthreading support. Simultaneous multithreading is a processor’s ability to process more than one data thread at a time. Windows XP supports a larger system virtual address space —— 1.

The Windows XP Memory Manager is redesigned to consume less paged pool, allowing for more caching and greater availability of paged pool for any component that needs it.

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